Asthma

Asthma is a condition in which your airways narrow and swell and produce extra mucus. This can make breathing difficult and trigger coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath.

For some people, asthma is a minor nuisance, For others, it can be a major problem that interfaces with daily activities and may lead to a life-threatening asthma attack.

Asthma cannot be cured, but its symptoms can be controlled. Because asthma often changes over time, it’s important that you work with your doctor to track your signs and symptoms and adjust treatment as needed.

Asthma symptoms range from minor to severe and vary from person to person. You may have infrequent asthma attacks, have symptoms only at certain times – such as when exercise – or have symptoms all the time.

Asthma signs and symptoms include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness or pain
  • Trouble sleeping caused by shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing
  • A whistling or wheezing sound when exhaling (wheezing is common sign of asthma in children)

Coughing or wheezing attacks that are worsened by a respiratory virus, such as a cold or the flu signs that your asthma probably worsening include:

  • Asthma sings and symptoms that are more frequent and bothersome
  • Increasing difficulty breathing (measurable with a peak flow meter, a deceive used to check how well your lungs are working)

Arthritis

Definition

Arthritis is a disease that causes pain and loss of movement of joints. The word arthritis means joint inflammation and refers ti mire than 100 different disease.

Description

Arthritis affect the movement you rely on for everyday activities. Arthritis is usually chronic. This means that it can last on and off for a lifetime.

There are over 100 kinds of arthritis that can affect many different areas of the body. In addition to the joints, some forms of arthritis are associated with diseases of other issues and organs in the body.

Inflammation is a reaction of the body that causes swelling, redness, pain and loss of motion in an affected area. It is the major physical problem in the most serious forms of arthritis.

Normally, inflammation is the way the body responds to an injury or to the presence of disease agents, such as viruses or bacteria. During this reaction, many cells of the body’s defense system (called the immune system) rush to the injured area to wipe out the cause of the problem, clean up damaged cells and repair tissues that have been hurt. Once the “battle” is won, the inflammation normally goes away and the area becomes healthy again.

In many forms of arthritis, the inflammation does not go away as it should. Instead, it becomes part of the problem, damaging healthy tissues of the body. This may result in more inflammation and more damage – a contusing cycle.

The damage that occurs can change the bones and other tissues of the joints, sometimes affecting their shape and making movement hard and painful.Diseases in which the immune system malfunctions and attacks healthy parts of the body called autoimmune diseases.

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

Arthritis pain and inflammations of joints has many forms. Rheumatoid arthritis can be one of the most disabling types of arthritis. It course varies, from a few symptoms to severe and painful deformities.

Three times as many women as men are affected, usually at a fairly young age (between 25 and 50). The disease may come on slowly or appear suddenly.

Rheumatoid arthritis typically affects the small finger joints, wrists, knees and toes. All joints of the body , however, are potential targets.

Along with swelling and pain of joints, some of the early symptoms of the disease may include fatigue, loss of appetite, wight loss and fever. Stiffness in the joints and surrounding muscles that lasts for several hours after getting up in the morning is a regular symptom. Sometimes the disease involves other organs, causing damage to the heart, lungs, eyes , skin and nerves.

Many individuals with rheumatoid arthritis feel their arthritis is influenced by the weather, stress, temperature and exercise. A few have periods of remission when the disease seems to have gone away. Unfortunately, in most cases, the symptoms eventually return.

Joint deformity or pain is sometimes so severe that surgery is the best alternative. A patient can have added years of mobility due ti the hip, elbow, shoulder and knee replacement that can be performed today. Surgeries include joint replacement , tendon reconstruction and vasectomy.

One form of chronic arthritis is one that attacks children, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. It may start with symptoms as generals a fever and rash, and it may take a long time for a definite diagnosis to be reached. Some children complain of swelling and stiffness in a few scattered joints. When the disease threatens the function of the joints, skilled professional treatment is called for to prevent permanent deformity.

The disease in its juvenile form often stops progression within 10 years, but the damage may be permanent and cause further deterioration of the joints. The major concern for the child, parent and doctor is to provide treatment that will spare the child a deformity that might persist long after the disease itself has disappeared.

  • Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a disease that causes the breakdown of the joint tissue, leading to joint pain and stiffness. It can affect any joint but commonly occurs in the hips, knees and spine. It also affect some finger joints, the join at the base of the thumb and the joint at the base of the big toe. It rarely affects the wrist, elbows, shoulders, ankles or jaw, expect as a result of injury or unusual stress.

Osteoarthritis is one of the oldest and most common diseases in humans. It probably affects almost every person over age 60 to some degree, but only some have it badly enough to notice any symptoms. Osteoarthritis is also known by many other names, such as degenerative join disease, arthritis, osteoarthritis or hypertrophy arthritis.

Although there is no cure for osteoarthritis, proper treatment can help relieve the symptoms and prevent or correct serious joint problems.

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